Pakistan’s MSCI emerging market stocks at risk of exclusion


KARACHI: None of the existing five companies of Pakistan (HBL, OGDC, MCB, UBL & LUCK) that are part of standard Morgan Stanley Capital International’s (MSCI) EM index (Large & Mid cap) meet the free float requirement as per previous day’s closing, according to analysts at Topline Securities.


Among five companies, HBL & OGDC barely meet the criteria while MCB, UBL & LUCK fall far behind in meeting the requirement. To note, Pakistan’s current weight in MSCI EM index is estimated at 0.06 percent.

MSCI is going to announce its Semi-Annual Index Review on November 13, 2018 (effective from Dec 3, 2018), which will be based on its framework for a country under three set rules 1) Economic Development, 2) Size and Liquidity Requirements and 3) Market Accessibility Criteria, as per our understanding. The price cut-off for the upcoming index review will be any one of the last 10 business days of October 2018.

For a country to be in MSCI Emerging Market (EM) index, at least three of its companies have to meet aforesaid benchmarks. While two criteria (Economic Development & Market Accessibility) are subjective, Size & Liquidity requirement for a company can be gauged through 1) Free Float, 2) Full Mkt Cap and 3) 15 percent Annualized Traded Value Ratio (ATVR) and the company has to meet all three quantitative criteria (Free Float, Full Market Capitalization and ATVR) to be part of standard MSCI EM index.

MSCI’s current threshold for Free Float and Full Mkt Cap. requirement is $797 million and $1594 million, respectively. However, the market cap requirement is reviewed semi-annually and the analysts believe that the upcoming review will be based on revised market capitalization.

However, it is unlikely that Pakistan will be removed from MSCI EM in the upcoming Semi-Annual review as a country’s status is usually reviewed on annual basis, the analysts said.

They said that their correspondence with MSCI representatives suggested that if at least 3 companies of a country (belonging to MSCI EM) do not meet the set MSCI rules, the country’s status will be reviewed in the next annual MSCI review (May-Jun 2019) after which, investors will be allowed a year or so to adjust to the new rule.

To note, in 2018YTD, the KSE-100 index lost market capitalization of around $19 billion (down 1,674 points or 4.1 percent) on the back of pressure on external account front while Dollar against PKR appreciated 21 percent in 2018YTD.

They said that there had been across the board selling in emerging markets lately due to shift in geopolitical balance (US-China trade war and Turkey spat with USA to name a few) where emerging market currencies also lost ground against dollar.

In last year (in its semi-annual review in Nov 2017) when MSCI demoted ENGRO from its standard MSCI EM to small caps, the said exclusion was based on upward revision of its market cap requirement. To note, emerging markets in Jan-Oct 2017 were up 29 percent while market capitalization criteria was revised up by 16 percent.

Since emerging markets are under pressure (down 15 percent in 2018YTD), there is a likelihood that MSCI may revise down its market cap requirement. “If Free Float requirement is revised down by around 15 percent there is a chance that HBL, OGDC and MCB may hold the ground in MSCI EM index,” they said and added in case LUCK and UBL are removed from the MSCI EM Index, potential outflow is estimated at $54-71 million.

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